In this section, we will explore the details of Jmix Maps. We will delve into how layers contribute to organizing data on a map and explore the sources that provide the visual content. Additionally, we will unravel the concept of geo-object and explore its practical uses within the context of Jmix Maps.

What is a map?

Jmix Map is a component that displays geographical maps from various sources. It supports multiple layers, that allows effective data structuring and enables the implementation of distinct logic for each layer.

There are two key concepts to understand when working with a map: layers and data sources.


Layer – is a way to organize data on a map.

Layers can be raster or vector. Raster layers consist of raster images which is a grid of pixels, while vector layers consist of vector geometries.

Raster layers represent the base map, vector layer are objects on the map that consist of one or more items, but are manipulated as a single unit. For example, vector layer may contain polygons describing districts or geographical points representing locations of customers or shops.


The add-on supports the following types of layers:

  • Tile layer is used to display tiles provided by XYZ tiles services.

  • Image layer is used to work with static image or WMS (Web Map Service) image.

  • Vector layer contains geo-objects (entities with geometry attributes).

Layers serve as a sort of wrapper because the displayed data depends on the Source being used.

Data Source

Data source refers to a service where the image comes from. This image is usually served as a base background layer of a map and provides spatial context. You can get images using open source or commercial service providers: XYZ tiles or WMS services.


Projection refers to the coordinate reference system (CRS) used to represent and transform geographic locations on a map. Projections are essential for accurately displaying spatial data, ensuring that positions on the Earth’s surface are correctly positioned and oriented on the map.

The Maps add-on supports various standard projections like EPSG:4326 (WGS 84 - commonly used for GPS coordinates) and EPSG:3857 (Spherical Mercator - popular for online mapping due to its conformal properties).

The default projection is EPSG:4326.

Data Vector Source

Data vector source is a source containing geo-objects. This source acts as a connector between the data and the map UI component. It carries the data along with some additional information on how the geo-objects should be displayed on a map.


Basically, geo-object is an entity that has a specific property of a geometry type. This property stores specific data to define points, polylines and polygons. Jmix provides data-aware component that acts as a connector between geo-objects and a map.


Coordinate reference systems (CRS) specifies every place on the Earth by a set of numbers, called coordinates. There are two particular groups of systems, the first one is projected coordinate reference systems (also called Cartesian or rectangular coordinate reference systems) and geographic coordinate reference systems.

Geographic coordinate system uses degrees of latitude and longitude and sometimes also a height value to describe a location on the earth’s surface. The most popular is called World Geodetic System - WGS 84 (EPSG:4326). GPS devices use it for defining position on Earth.

This is the default coordinate system for all coordinates passed to or received from the Jmix Map component.

When dealing with EPSG:4326 coordinates in OpenLayers, put the longitude first, and then the latitude. For more detailed information, please refer to the OpenLayers documentation.

Once map data is projected onto a planar surface, the geographic system (latitude-longitude), which is based on angles measured on a sphere, is not valid anymore. Therefore, a Cartesian coordinate system is used. When a user inputs longitude and latitude coordinates into the Jmix Map component, it converts Geographic coordinate into the projected coordinates in meters used for raster tile generation in GIS and WM(T)S services.


Markers can be displayed on top of a map to show points of interest, such as addresses, buildings, vehicles, or any other entity. A marker is defined by a coordinate and an icon.

Markers can be configured to show text, which is displayed below the marker icon by default. You can customize the position and style of the text by setting a custom text style for the marker.