Routing API

This section describes the key concepts of the routing API.

Route Registration

To register a route for a screen, add the @Route annotation to the screen controller, for example:

public class ButtonScreen extends Screen {

The annotation has three parameters:

  • path (or value) is the route itself.

  • parentPrefix is used for route squashing (see below).

  • root is the boolean property that enables to specify whether a route is registered for the root screen (like Login screen or Main screen). The default value is false.

    If you create a root screen with a path other than the default login and make it available by a link without login, you should enable it for the anonymous user. Otherwise, when users enter the URL like /#your-root-screen, they will be re-directed to the /#login link instead of opening your root screen.

    You can find an example of how to create a root screen for the anonymous user in the Anonymous Access to Screens section.

Route Squashing

This feature is designed to keep the URL clean and readable when opening multiple screens with routes having the same parts.

Suppose that we have browser and editor screens for the Customer entity:

public class CustomerBrowse extends StandardLookup<Customer> {
public class CustomerEdit extends StandardEditor<Customer> {

URL squashing is used to avoid repeating the customers route in the URL when the editor screen is opened right after the browser. Just specify the repeated part in the parentPrefix parameter of the @Route annotation on the editor screen:

@Route(value = "customers/edit", parentPrefix = "customers")
public class CustomerEdit extends StandardEditor<Customer> {

When the editor is opened in the same tab as the browser, the resulting address will be like #main/0/customers/edit?id=…

UI State Mapping to URL

The UrlRouting interface allows you to change the current application URL according to the current screen and some parameters. It has the following methods:

  • pushState() - changes the address and pushes new browser history entry.

  • replaceState() - replaces the address without adding new browser history entry.

  • getState() - returns a current state as the NavigationState object.

The pushState()/replaceState() methods accept the current screen controller and optional map of parameters.

See an example of using UrlRouting in the section below.

The navigation filter mechanism allows you to prevent transition to some routes.

A navigation filter is a Spring bean that implements the NavigationFilter interface. The @Order annotation can be used to configure the order of invocation of all navigation filters. The JmixOrder.HIGHEST_PRECEDENCE and JmixOrder.LOWEST_PRECEDENCE constants define the range which is used by filters defined in the framework.

The NavigationFilter interface has the allowed() method, which accepts two arguments: current navigation state fromState and requested navigation state toState. The method returns the AccessCheckResult instance and checks whether the transition from the current navigation state to the requested navigation state is allowed.

See JmixLoginScreenFilter as an example. It is designed for checking whether the current session is authenticated to prevent navigation to the login screen when the user is logged in already.